Among the tools of the
office are computers and telephones ... lights ... staplers
... and even paper clips. To be helpful, any tool -
computer or paper clip - needs to meet basic ergonomic
criteria for accommodating people and the work
One of the most important
tools is office furniture: the chairs people sit on; the work surfaces
for reading and writing tasks; drawers and other storage
The following principles
provide a platform for understanding the relationship between
ergonomics and office tools - including furniture:
individual possesses unique limitations. Good design
reflects an understanding of the need to accommodate physical
characteristics over a broad range of individuals.
considers such non-physical attributes as human skills,
emotions, needs, motivation, and the ability to learn.
Musculoskeletal injury is likely to occur when physical
limitations are exceeded, especially during repetitive
tasks. The risk of injury can be reduced by a
combination of proper physical support for the body,
well-designed tools, and a reasonable work process.