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Encore and Research Pro Search Tips


Use of the Boolean operators

In Encore, multiple words are automatically searched as separate terms, not as a phrase. For example, entering the words cats dogs will retrieve all titles that contain both words (cats and dogs) regardless of their proximity to each other. In fact, Encore does not recognize and, or, or not as Boolean operators. Instead, it sees them as search terms. For example, searching cats or dogs will retrieve few, if any, results since all three words (cats, dogs, or) must appear in the record. To search something as a phrase in Encore, use quotation marks around the terms (“call of the wild”).

However, many of the databases listed in Research Pro automatically search multiple words as a phrase unless separated by the Boolean operator and. For example, entering the terms cats dogs will only retrieve articles where those terms appear as a phrase, thus giving you few, if any, results. Searching these same databases using and between the terms (cats and dogs) will retrieve all the articles in which both terms appear regardless of their proximity to each other.

Truncating search terms.

Use an asterisk (*) when searching Encore to find the variant forms of a search term. For example, searching cats dogs (remember, Encore does not recognize the Boolean operators and, or, or not) will find just the plural form of these terms. However, searching cat* dog* will find both the singular and plural forms of the words as well as other words beginning with cat or dog.

All of the databases in Research Pro also recognize an asterisk (*) as a truncation symbol. For example, searching cats and dogs (remember, most of the databases in Research Pro will search multiple words as a phrase unless separated by the Boolean operators and, or, or not) will find just the plural form of these terms. However, searching cat* and dog* will find both the singular and plural forms of the words as well as other words beginning with cat* or dog*.

If you need further assistance with either Encore or Research Pro, please contact the Reference Desk.

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