Citing Electronic Information
APA Documentation Style
Citing a Report from a Private Organization:
For additional and more-detailed explanations, please consult the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Also for the latest update consult the APA web page: http://apastyle.org/elecref.html
APA recommends that the reference list citation “include the same elements, in the same order, as you would for a reference to a fixed-media source and add as much electronic retrieval information as needed for others to locate the sources you cited.”
Italics are used instead of underlining.
If noted on the internet site include the DOI (digital object identifier) in the citation. See examples below.
- APA style requires that references be doubled spaced with a hanging indent.
MDC, Inc. (2004) State of the South 2004: Fifty years after Brown v. Board of Education.
Retrieved from http://www.mdcinc.org.
Citing an Article in an Electronic Journal with DOI:
Wanzek, J. (2009). Students demonstrating persistent low response to reading
intervention: Three case studies. Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 24
(3), 151-163. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-5826.2009.00289.x
Citing an Article in an Electronic Journal without DOI:
Quli, N.E. (2009) Western self, Asian other: Modernity, authenticity, and nostalgia for ‘tradition’
in Buddhist studies. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 16, 1-38. Retrieved
Citing an Encyclopedia Article, Online:
College. (2009). In Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Retrieved from
Citing from EBSCOhost:
Example with DOI:
Taasoobshirazi, G. (2009, August). A structural equation model of expertise in college
physics. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101(3), 630-643.
Example without DOI:
Bodine, A. (2003). School uniforms, academic achievement, and uses of research.
Journal of Educational Research, 97 (2), 67-71. Retrieved from Academic
Search Premier database.
Citing from InfoTrac:
Examples without DOI:
Comarow, A. (2000, August 14). The college PC: A machine revved up for serious fun.
U.S. News & World Report, 129 (6), 48. Retrieved from Expanded Academic
Kurt Vonnegut. (2009). In Contemporary Authors Online. Retrieved from Contemporary
Authors Online database.
Citing from Lexis-Nexis Academic:
Examples without DOI:
Bruce, A. (2000, August 23). Winthrop ceremony offers taste of student life. The Herald,
p. 1A. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database.
School District of Abington Township, Pennsylvania v. Schempp, 374 U.S. 203 (1963).
Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database.
For additional information, consult the following Web sites:
APA Style.org http://www.apastyle.org/elecsource.html